"Ohne Eile, verweile!" Pinneberg als Ausflugsort
  • Exhibition

postkarte_pinneberg__gehoelz_1
© Pinneberg Museum

An exhibition in cooperation with the art group "fine people".

In the 1762 published "historical-political news of some strange areas of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein" Johann Friedrich Cramer von Pinneberg and its inhabitants reported that "the food is probably more in summer in the pleasure of the hamburger, because on Sundays and Mondays they go like the swarms of bees to Rellingen and Pinneberg. "

To what extent Johann Friedrich Cramer has exaggerated this description from pre-industrial times, we can not rate, but at least it can be assumed that he has observed a conspicuous influx of excursionists in Pinneberg and Rellingen. Thus it is also said in the guide of Pinneberg and the surrounding area of 1903 that "Pinneberg with neighborhood already in the 18th century for excursions as for the summer residence was so predominantly fashion ..." and here "based solely on the summer excursion traffic stranger Industry (developed), which may well be called the oldest of its kind in German lands. "

As industrialization progressed, the living and housing conditions in the cities deteriorated, as did Hamburg and Altona. Around 1900, Altona, with 200,000 inhabitants, was one of the most densely populated cities in the German Reich. The workers' quarters in Ottensen, Bahrenfeld and Altona-Nord were hopelessly overpopulated. People lived in confined spaces, because of the high rents, often with several families in one flat. The tenement blocks quickly raised in the Gängeviertel in the midst of the factory chimneys offered housing characterized by mold, smoke and a lack of hygienic facilities. Typical occupational disease was pulmonary tuberculosis.

At the end of the 19th century, one-third of Hamburg's inhabitants still lived in almost medieval passageways along the harbor under catastrophic hygienic and social conditions. The working hours were 16 hours a day from Monday to Saturday, for children 12 hours, 52 weeks a year.

These living conditions led to a significant increase in people who sought recreation in the fresh air on Sunday. Sunday was the only day off, there was no question of a holiday, the first collective agreement holiday of 3 days a year was not won until 1903. In the area of small and craft businesses was introduced against recurring bans and resistances of the "blue Monday", this is a term for the non-working Monday and explains why Cramer reported that the Hamburg would go on Sundays and Mondays to Pinneberg.

"Out of a dull city, out of sissies and bluster

After Pinneberg flee out into the forest!

Here, walk happily with singing mouth,

Here is the breath of God, here you will be well! "

With these verses ends the leader of Pinneberg and surroundings of 1903.

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Pinneberg Museum
© Johannes Leistner

Pinneberg Museum

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